Canine Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC)
Episodes of exercise intolerance and collapse have been observed among Labrador Retrievers for many years, although the root cause was not always well understood. Dogs clinically affected by Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC) will often begin to exhibit leg weakness followed by a complete collapse after just 5 to 15 minutes of strenuous activity. The severity and duration of these spells can vary depending on the environment.
EIC is a big problem particularly with hunting and field trial dogs, where long periods of excitement and exercise are common. In extreme cases, dogs affected by EIC can die.
A genetic mutation that causes EIC has recently been identified, and it is estimated that at least 25% of all the Labrador Retrievers taking part in field trials today have at least one copy of the mutation. It is a recessive disorder; therefore carriers (those having 1 copy of mutation) will not show symptoms-however, if they are used for breeding, they will pass on the mutation 50% of the time. If a carrier-to-carrier mating occurs, it is expected that 25% of the offspring will be "EIC affected" (those having 2 copies of the mutation).
DDC Veterinary's EIC DNA test reveals one of the 3 possible genotypes for the tested dogs:
CLEAR (those having 2 copies of the normal allele and appear to be normal).
CARRIER (those having 1 copy of the normal allele and 1 copy of the mutation but appear to be normal).
AFFECTED (those having 2 copies of the mutation and will likely show clinical signs for EIC)
Highlights regarding this new test include:
DNA samples can be collected easily at home using buccal (cheek) swabs.
Dogs can be DNA tested at ANY age using the buccal swabs.
The cost for testing is $58 (US) per canine with a $10 discount per test for 5 or more samples submitted at the same time.
DNA results are emailed within 5 business days of receipt of the samples.
To order kits, call 1-800-625-0874, or select your breed from the bread search box in the upper left of this page.
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